Instruments

The WGSCO is divided into 4 different types of instruments, namely, Winds, Chinese String Instruments, Western Bowed Instruments, and Percussion

Winds
Dizi
The Dizi is a Chinese transverse flute made from wood, and has a distinctively airy tone. It is played by covering the holes that correspond to the different notes.
Suona
The suona is a double reeded instrument that makes a distinctive high pitched and powerful sound. It is also commonly used in ritual music.
Sheng
The Sheng is a type of mouth organ that has multiple reeds. The Sheng is played by covering the holes that correspond to the different notes.










Chinese String Instruments
Pipa
The pipa is a 4-stringed, pear-shaped Chinese musical instrument. It is mainly plucked or strummed, and has been played for the last 2000 years.
Ruan
The ruan is a Chinese lute with a circular body comprising four strings. It comes in five sizes, soprano, alto, tenor, bass, contrabass.
Huqin
The huqin consists of two bowed strings covered by snake skin and has a bow made from horse hair. It is the distant relative of the violin.
Liuqin
The liuqin looks similar to the pipa, but has a different tonal quality. Whereas the pipa is a lute-based instrument, the liuqin is a mandolin-type instrument.









Yangqin
The yangqin is played by striking the strings with a small pair of hammers made from bamboo and rubber. It has a distinctive clear and bright sound.










Western Bowed Instruments
Cello
The cello is a bowed instrument that originated from Europe. It has 4 strings and has a higher timbre range as compared to the double bass.
Double Bass
The double bass has the lowest timbre range in the Orchestra, and is played either by bowing or plucking. It has 4 strings.











Percussive Instruments

Gongs
The gongs include instruments such as the pitched gongs, and the xiaoluo.
Cymbals
The cymbals include instruments such as bells and the xiaobo.
Drum
The drums include instruments such as the timpani, Chinese tom toms and the Chinese bass drum
Blocks
Chinese block instruments include Chinese claves and temple blocks